The Vice-Presidents are Officers posted to the Board of the International Institute of Space Law.

Setsuko Aoki

Career: present position: Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University, Japan (since April 2004); Previous careers include Associate Professor, School of Social Science, National Defense Academy of Japan (1994-1999) and Associate Professor, Faculty of Policy Management, Keio University, Japan (1999-2004).

Education and Degree: Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.), Institute of Air and Space Law, Faculty of Law, McGill University, Canada (June, 1993); LL.M., Graduate School of Law, Keio University, Japan (March, 1985); B.C.L., Faculty of Law, Keio University, Japan (March, 1983)

Main present positions in the Japanese Government relevant to space law: a member of Space Policy Committee (Cabinet Office), a member of Telecommunications Council of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC); and a legal advisor of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Legal Subcommittee of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) since 2002.

Main Articles written in English after 2009. “The Function of Soft Law in the Development of International Space Law”, in Irmgard Marboe ed., Soft Law in Outer Space, Böhlau (2012), pp. 57-85; “In Search of the Current Legal Status of the Registration of Space Objects”, Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law 2010 (2011), pp. 245-261;“Japanese Law and Regulations Concerning Remote Sensing Activities”, 36 Journal of Space Law (2010), pp.335-364; “The “Necessary Legal Conditions to Promote Space Commerce in Asia”, Korean Journal of Air and Space Law, Special Issue (2010), pp.127-150; “The First Basic Space Plan of Japan: What Will Be Changed?”, Proceedings of the International Space Law 2009 (2010), pp.413-425; “Space Arms Control: Challenges and Alternatives”, 52 Japanese Yearbook of International Law (2009), 191-230; “Current Status and Recent Developments in Japan’s National Space Law and its Relevance to Pacific Rim Space Law and Activities” 35 Journal of Space Law, (2009)pp.363-438; “Space Traffic Management’ for the Prevention of Weaponization in Outer Space” Proceedings of the International Institute of Space Law 2008 (2009) pp.154-170.

Lesley-Jane Smith

Professor Dr. Lesley Jane Smith (born 1956) graduated in law from the University of Edinburgh and qualified as a member of the legal profession (Solicitor) in 1981. Prior to relocating to Germany, she first worked in private practice and thereafter for government. Further legal experience came through practice in France (arbitration, international litigation), at EU level (EC Luxembourg) and with a major German law firm. She is now a partner in the law firm Weber-Steinhaus & Smith, Cotton Exchange, Bremen ( and a member of the Hanseatic Bar of Bremen, Germany.
Lesley Jane has been teaching international, European and commercial law for over 20 years. She was appointed a Full Professor of International and European Economic law at the Leuphana University Lüneburg in 1996 ( Lesley Jane remains a guest professor within various university programs across Europe (Urbino, Bolzano, Strathclyde), including the International Space University (ISU).
Lesley Jane Smith acted as senior legal expert during the nineties within the major projects on constitutional and civil code reform in post-Soviet transformation states. She was subsequently appointed for several years as Rector to the Riga Graduate School of Law, University of Latvia (, a specialist school of European and international law established by Sweden to facilitate the country’s transition on regaining its independence and negotiating its accession to the EU. Lesley Jane has extensive professional and academic contacts to the main law schools and universities focusing on international space law across Asia, Europe and the Americas. Her own research interests in space law cover the areas of liability for commercial space activities and related issues of space debris, commercial issues of industrial and agency procurement, as well as regulatory aspects of GNSS and intellectual property issues relating to outer space activities. She has published widely on an extensive range of space-related legal questions and co-authored studies for the Academy, currently co-chairing a study group on cosmic debris. Lesley Jane latterly contributed to all three volumes of the Cologne Commentary on Space Law (CoCoSL), where she is the lead author on all aspects of liability for space activities and legal issues of Earth observation. Lesley Jane became a member of the International Institute of Space Law (IISL) in 2003, and was appointed as Board member at the Naples AGM in 2012. She became a corresponding member of the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) in 2010. She is a longstanding member of the European Center of Space Law (ECSL), which is hosted by ESA. In 2012 Lesley Jane was appointed Board member of the European section of Women in Aerospace (WIA-E). She lives in Bremen, is married and has three young adult children.